Behind the scenes
Saturn or at least its moons are discussed in the 'unused' backstories for some of the levels in the Master Levels for Doom II. Titan Manor, Express Elevator to Hell, Trapped on Titan. This story was meant for when the wads were originally intended to be released for free as 'fan wads' but were instead licensed by ID for the expansion pack. Thus the story should be taken with a grain of salt (most of the backstories don't even seem to be related to the UAC or Doom universe anyways, IE reference to "Federation" in Titan Manor).